By Ulrike Brandi, Christoph Geissmar-Brandi (auth.)
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Additional info for Light for Cities: Lighting Design for Urban Spaces. A Handbook
It is a political issue whether national and cheaper suppliers should better utilise their available capacities, or whether local suppliers should make the most of their expensive night hours. Accurate financing options can only be calculated for specific projects. 33 Process: Efficiency and Per form ance Profiles This plans shows the existing luminaires in different colours in the City of Hanover in 2001. 34 "Lighting masterplan": Performance profile of a lighting designer There is no generally binding performance profile.
Hence : 2) Operating costs: How can they be reduced or kept low? To achieve this, the city needs to obtain good offers for the supply of power and for operation and maintenance or for both from one source (facility management by the power company). rquantl ty ) L-No. 00 000 0. 00 Lamps (euro) Luminaires (euro) Total installation costs (euro) Operating costs tor 6 years (euro) Burn time/day. w inter. 4 months (hours ) Burn lime/ day. summer. B months (hours) Average burn time (annual hour s) Lamp life approx.
Streetlights must not shed bright light into nearby living rooms. Finally, aesthetics playa part in choosing a luminaire: its shape. It is regarded a professional blunder to select luminaires on the basis ofform rather than functional merit, although optimised technology and attractive design often go hand in hand. When re-designing the lighting ofa neighbourhood, however, it may be expedient to select distinct poles and luminaire heads. This is not to suggest that every historic quarter should be equipped with reproductions ofluminaires in the style ofSchinkel.
Light for Cities: Lighting Design for Urban Spaces. A Handbook by Ulrike Brandi, Christoph Geissmar-Brandi (auth.)