By Douwe W. Fokkema †, Elrud Ibsch
The authors current a brand new viewpoint on quite a lot of concerns within the examine of literature and tradition. a number of the issues mentioned, equivalent to interpretation, canon formation, and literary historiography, belong to the normal area of literary experiences. Others ― cultural identification, conference, platforms conception, and empirical tools ― originate within the social sciences and are actually being built-in into the arts. via pertaining to the paintings of authors as extensively aside as Hayden White, Edward stated, Fredric Jameson, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Reinhart Koselleck, Pierre Bourdieu, Niklas Luhmann, Siegfried Schmidt, Norbert Groeben, and so forth, the total complexity of the sector of literary reports turns into apparent.The authors argue for a contrast among research of literary structures at the one hand and demanding intervention at the different. by means of distinguishing among learn and feedback, among wisdom and dedication, they provide new methods for literary reports in addition to for cultural critique.
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Additional info for Knowledge and Commitment: A Problem Oriented Approach to Literary Studies
However, it is more likely that the distribution and institutional networks have spent their energy on texts by authors who appeared to offer something of value. Publishers and other institutions will have acted on the expectation that they would have more success with this particular author than with others. Hence, institutional support by itself does not provide an explanation. Our not very revolutionary conclusion must be that the thematic contents and formal features of a text are a factor that also determines the chances of survival.
When the nineteenth century brought the first timid attempts at democratic rule, a further diversification and expansion of the canon, as well as a less strict concept of canonization, became possible. g. Queneau 1955–58). Whereas the canon expanded and became less rigid, the social status of literature declined: the social position of a Flaubert or a Zola cannot be compared to the exalted functions occupied by Boileau and Racine at the court of Louis XIV. The question which must be dealt with now is whether the present crisis over canon formation in Europe and America is related to a further erosion of the established authority of church and state.
Can we not do without canon formation? We may speculate that this is possible, but research into what has happened in different cultures up till the present has yielded the fact that in some way or another selections of texts have always been made. In the teaching situation especially such selections cannot be avoided. All teachers may, of course, make selections of their own; this has been practised in a number of schools in Germany (Bohn 1982) and in the Netherlands, but it has been found generally impracticable because of the apparent difficulty of comparing the knowledge acquired.
Knowledge and Commitment: A Problem Oriented Approach to Literary Studies by Douwe W. Fokkema †, Elrud Ibsch