By Howard Federspiel
The Persatuan Islam (Islamic-Union) was once a small crew of Indonesian Muslim activists through the interval 1923-1957. Their efforts concerned them within the nice disputes of the time, specifically the form of the rising Indonesian kingdom because the sector broke free from colonial keep watch over, and the path of Islamic discourse in that new kingdom. Deeply ideological, those activists known as themselves "radical-revolutionaries". Their outlook, beginning as a manifestation of Islamic Modernism, later turned a sort of Islamic Neo-Fundamentalism. The perspectives raised by way of the gang weren't in general authorized, as elites with different outlooks won regulate of the nationalist schedule and the course of the Indonesian Muslim group. the tale of those activists, even if, tells us a lot concerning the context of either Indonesian nationalism and Indonesian Islam as either built through the first 1/2 the 20 th century.
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10 Among Indonesians thinking on the subject grew bolder throughout the era. 11 In 1936 the Subarjo Resolution was introduced into the People's 9 10 11 Bousquet, French, 73-75. Vandenbosch, East, 356-357. , 357. 44 PART TWO Council by the civil servants' organization, which called for an autonomous Indonesia within the Dutch Empire. In 1939 and 1940 the first and second All-Indonesia congresses—meetings of important Indonesian political activists representing their political parties and mass organizations—met and issued resolutions calling for the People's Council to become a parliament with appropriate powers, for official policy to recognize that the territory would become self-governing, and to make preparation for securing that goal.
Most importantly the organization was a lesson in formulation of political thinking and the discussions held in party councils and other forums allowed the various factions to develop cogent political philosophies that were to find their place in all sectors of the nationalist movement until 1945 and afterwards in the formation of the Indonesian state itself. Accordingly, the factions debated the relationship between socialism and Islam and thereby began a process of defining Islamic and nationalist political ideals that has not ceased until the current day.
38 PART TWO B. Concerning the Discussion in the Chapters Composing Part II The following three chapters provide an anaysis for an understanding of Persatuan Islam activity during the late colonial period. Chapter 2 deals with context, that is, the political, social and religious environment that existed during the period as the major current happenings of the time. This sets the stage for a discussion of the formation, activities and interests of the Persatuan Islam itself in Chapter 3. The discussion in that chapter is meant to build on and relate to the material contained in the previous chapter.
Islam and Ideology in the Emerging Indonesian State: The Persatuan Islam (Persis), 1923 to 1957 by Howard Federspiel