By Claude Ponsard (auth.)
The thought of area has constantly been a primary point in numerous branches of data. the concept that usually appears to be like within the evolution of data, both as a foundation of conception or as an element in learn. it's linked, kind of at once, with all of the background of clinical concept. on the point of easy good judgment, the significance of the idea that of area is simply equaled through its loss of precision. It used to be a part of legend sooner than changing into a part of background. to point the founding of Rome, Romulus all started via drawing the limits, finding its landmarks in a discontinuous house after having lower the bounds of a continual area. notwithstanding, neither geographical explorations nor mathematico-logical speculations have ever thoroughly got rid of the secret from the idea that of area. For all its basic good judgment, its mystique continues to be intact. The privileged place occupied by way of the idea that of area within the heritage of technology and the vagueness of its that means within the present use of the time period, faraway from constituting a paradox, are jointly explanatory. each proposal of area is unavoidably the results of an abstraction, even if the method through which it really is reached is thru arithmetic, psychology, biology, or the other self-discipline. on the point of universal wisdom, the space-time suggestion is the bottom upon that are prepared person reports. it's therefore effortless to appreciate how the concept that of area could be understood basically via an orderly association of those studies and their integration right into a logical scheme.
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Extra info for History of Spatial Economic Theory
Consequently, there arises a system of uneconomic and socially non-optimal prices and an exaggerated tendency of entrepreneurs to imitate their competitors. Hotelling is influenced here by the well-known article by Sraffa which showed the existence of suhregions at the heart of the market within which quasi-monopolies arise . He insists, thus, on a rigidity of demand which allows for the coexistence of several prices and the maintenance of a stable equilibrium. The cause of this rigidity which he considers most important is the cost of transport per unit of distance on a linear market along which the buyers, who have an inelastic demand, are uniformly distributed.
He sees clearly the implications of enlarging his scope of observation. He makes the transition from individual to system theory better than he makes the transition from the analysis of the firm to that of the industry. The four assumptions, from which his theory of location was developed, are now determined by existing spatial patterns. Thus, the location of the places of consumption, raw materials, labor, and the supply of labor become variables in the analysis dependent on actual spatial conditions.
Failing to obtain deductively the economies function, Weber's general idea is that those industries whose products derive a large portion of their value from the production process (value added or Formwert) are the only ones to present a sufficient percentage of compressible costs to obtain benefit from pure agglomeration. The "index of manufacture" expresses the value added per ton. Its two components are, in different proportions, labor and capital. These possess an unequal reinforcing power on the deviational force of agglomeration, since the use of capital implies an increasing "material index", while labor is a pure factor of agglomeration.
History of Spatial Economic Theory by Claude Ponsard (auth.)