By Sally Johnson, Natalie Braber
If we wish to know the way German audio system take into consideration themselves and the area within which they reside, then an invaluable start line is via taking a look at the language they use. This absolutely revised and up-to-date version presents a scientific method of the research of the German language and an creation to the social elements of the language, together with its dialects, its background and the makes use of of the language at the present time. No earlier wisdom of linguistics is believed, and every bankruptcy is followed through a sequence of functional routines. This variation incorporates a fresh part on gender, purism and German unification, clean examples for research and an up-to-date bankruptcy at the geography of Germany this day. The booklet may help scholars not just to discover new methods of exploring the German language, but in addition of pondering and speaking approximately German-speaking cultures.
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Extra resources for Exploring the German Language (2nd Edition)
Frequently, East Germans found that words and ideas which were commonly understood in the GDR were no longer meaningful in the new Federal Republic. In other cases, both states had to learn new words, or attach new meanings to words. One example of this is the word Wende (literally: ‘turn’) to describe the events of 1989. Although this word had been used before 1989, it came to be used only in describing the changes happening in Germany at this time. Similarly, after official and political unification in October 1990, new terms had to be coined to describe the former East and West Germany, for example, die neuen Bundesla¨nder and die alten Bundesla¨nder, respectively.
Many theatre companies were producing plays which they wished to perform to audiences all over the country. But in order to do so, they needed to be understood by a wide variety of dialect speakers. This particular issue led to many discussions regarding the establishment of a standard spoken variety of German. A commission of university professors and theatre representatives was formed, eventually leading to the publication of The German language past and present Theodor Siebs’ Deutsche Bu¨hnensprache in 1898.
To start with the first point made above. It has been argued that German is a sexist language because of the way it treats women in language usage. This relates to the question of whether women are excluded from texts if they are not included in the language (by using masculine forms to refer to men and women). English differs from German as it does not mark articles or nouns for grammatical gender in the way that German does. This means that English texts can be more generic when referring to gender, for example ‘a student’ or ‘a doctor’ can refer to both males and females.
Exploring the German Language (2nd Edition) by Sally Johnson, Natalie Braber