Focuses on a superb watershed occasion : the 1st international warfare used to be one of many nice watershed occasions of the twentieth century, not just costing thousands of stay but in addition disrupting present social order, precipitating dramatic adjustments within the equipment of waging war, and instructing victors new classes in regards to the therapy of vanquished foes. offers necessary viewpoint : Now a brand new reference paintings is helping to place this momentous historic milestone in point of view. Designed as a significant other to Garland's the USA within the First international conflict, this new encyclopedia concentrates on non-U.S. features of the clash. Its greater than six hundred alphabetically prepared, certain entries supply info and insights on such issues because the perceived and underlying factors of battle, diplomatic efforts to forestall the slaughter, the shortsighted and eventually disastrous peace phrases, and a number of different matters very important to an entire knowing of the occasions. The Encyclopedia covers all significant campaigns and battles,surveys guns and units of conflict, and examines the jobs performed within the occasions by way of statesmen, politicians, spiritual and army leaders, and well-known electorate. Covers key contributors and issues: additionally incorporated are biographies of people profoundly laid low with the conflict who performed significant roles in heritage, equivalent to De Gaule, Hitler, value determinations of army drugs, infantry strategies, using artillery, naval blockades, and different topics; and surveys of such different themes as paintings, literature, and song within the struggle, camouflage, censorship, propaganda, the production of Yugoslavia, the Jewish Legion, codebreaking, girls within the conflict, and lots more and plenty extra. every one access is through a bibliography for pursuing inquires extensive and a topic index offers effortless access.
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Extra info for European Powers in the First World War: An Encyclopedia
They included the Halberstadt C L . II and IV, the Hannover C L . II, and the armored, all-metal Junkers J . 1 and C L . II. " Working in conjunction with squads of infiltrating infantry " s t o r m t r o o p detachments," the battle flights w o u l d attack enemy trenches with machine-gun fire, light fragmentation bombs, and hand grenades. Unlike the earlier British efforts, those by the German units were employed w i t h i n the framework of an overall concept for breaking the trench stalemate.
South West Africa had 140 German officers and 3,000 trained troops. In addition, the Germans could call into service several thousand able-bodied men from among the European p o p u l a t i o n . Against significant British naval assets and vastly superior numbers of South Africans, many of w h o m had had lead- H a v i n g quelled the rebellion, South Africa's leaders could now undertake full-scale military action against the main German forces. Botha commanded four columns, which were to advance from Luederitz Bay, Swakopmund, and f r o m northwestern South A f r i c a .
Smithsonian Institution, 1989. M o r r o w , John H . , Jr. The G r e a t W a r i n t h e Air: Military Aviation from 1909 to 1 9 2 1 . Washington, D . C . : Smithsonian Institution, 1993. N o r m a n , A a r o n . The G r e a t A i r W a r . N e w York: M a c m i l l a n , 1968. Raleigh, Sir Walter A . , and Henry A . Jones. The W a r i n t h e A i r . Vols. 1-6. O x f o r d : Clarendon, 1922-37. See also AIRCRAFT, B O M B E R S ; AIRCRAFT, FIGHTERS; C A M B R A I , B A T T L E O F ; L U D E N D O R F F OFFENSIVES; AND PALESTINE SYRIA; PASSCHENDAELE; T R E N C H A R D , HUGH Air Warfare: Strategic Bombing The objectives of strategic warfare are to attack an enemy's warmaking capability at its most vulnerable points and to cripple the enemy's w i l l .
European Powers in the First World War: An Encyclopedia