Download e-book for kindle: Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls by Lawrence H Schiffman, James Vanderkam

By Lawrence H Schiffman, James Vanderkam

ISBN-10: 0195137973

ISBN-13: 9780195137972

This landmark reference paintings is the 1st of its variety. that includes 450 articles by means of a world neighborhood of students it's the definitive account of what we all know in regards to the useless Sea Scrolls--their background, relevance, which means, and the controversies that encompass them.
Discovered in 1947 by means of a Bedouin shepherd, the gathering of 800 manuscripts is older than the other number of manuscripts of the Hebrew Scriptures by means of nearly a thousand years. What do the scrolls let us know in regards to the those that wrote them? What do they let us know approximately early Christianity and moment Temple Judaism? How do they make certain or contradict what we inspiration we knew in regards to the Bible?
With contributions from a hundred extraordinary students representing assorted traditions and fields of studying, this quantity bargains the main entire serious synthesis of present wisdom in regards to the lifeless Sea Scrolls--and their old, archaeological, linguistic, and spiritual contexts. Written in non-technical language this reference paintings presents authoritative solutions and knowledge for all readers.

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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

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A M R A M - Appearing frequently in genealogical lists of the Hebrew scriptures, Amram is a son of Qahat (Kohath) and faiher of Aaron, Moses, and Miriam {Ex. 20; Nm. 58-59): his wife was Jochebed, his father's sister. Amram is also prominent in a n u m b e r of Second Temple writings. 210-216), Josephus writes of visions vouchsafed to Amram before ihe birth of Mo ses. In a later work, Sefer ha-Razim. a Hebrew magica text t>i'igitiaiing ivow the fiisi inillennium CE, Aim'am, to­ gether wilh Qahat and Levi, figures in the book's chain of transmission from N o a h to Moses.

On the basis of the description of Josephus, it is possible t o suggest tfiree events in which it is feasible to attribute Jonathan's rescue to divine intervention. The first is Alexander Jan­ naeus's war against Obedas 1 in 95 BCE, in which the Jew­ ish forces were driven by the Nabatean a r m y into a deep valley and Alexander J a n n a e u s barely succeeded in escap­ ing. Another possibility is the rescue in l 0 3 BCE when Ptolemy Lathyrus retreated from Jerusalem. The thirc possibility is the retreat of Demetrius from Jerusalem in 88 BCE.

The Gene­ sis Apocryphon (lOapGen), for example, speculates about whether the wonderful appearance of the newborn Noah is a sign that his parents are indeed the watchers (angels who descended according to / Enoch). The three m e n who visit Abraham after his circumcision in Genesis 18 are understood, it seems, explicitly as angels in the Ages of Creation (4O180). Duality and Comitiunion with H u m a n Beiugs. A ma­ jor characteristic of the belief in angels in Q u m r a n , how­ ever, is the so-called c o m m u n i o n with the angels, which has to be seen i n connection wilh certain dualislic ten­ dencies that are m o r e prominent in the Dead Sea Scrolls t h a n in most of the contemporary literature.

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Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls by Lawrence H Schiffman, James Vanderkam

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