Download e-book for iPad: Encyclopedia of Prehistory: Volume 1: Africa by Sibel Barut Kusimba, Fred H. Smith (auth.), Peter N.

By Sibel Barut Kusimba, Fred H. Smith (auth.), Peter N. Peregrine, Melvin Ember (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461511933

ISBN-13: 9781461511939

ISBN-10: 1468471287

ISBN-13: 9781468471281

The Encyclopedia of Prehistory represents additionally outlined through a a little bit diversified set of an try and offer easy info sociocultural features than are eth­ on all archaeologically recognized cultures, nological cultures. significant traditions are overlaying the total globe and the whole outlined according to universal subsistence prehistory of humankind. it truly is designed as practices, sociopolitical association, and a device to aid in doing comparative fabric industries, yet language, ideology, examine at the peoples of the prior. so much and kinship ties play very little half in of the entries are written through the world's their definition simply because they're almost preferable specialists at the specific parts unrecoverable from archaeological con­ and time sessions. texts. by contrast, language, ideology, and The Encyclopedia is prepared accord­ kinship ties are valuable to defining ethno­ ing to significant traditions. an important culture logical cultures. is outlined as a bunch of populations sharing There are 3 different types of entries within the related subsistence practices, know-how, Encyclopedia: the most important culture access, and types of sociopolitical association, the nearby sub culture access, and the that are spatially contiguous over a rela­ website access. each one includes kinds of tively huge region and which undergo pace­ details, and every is meant to be rally for a comparatively lengthy interval. minimum utilized in a distinct way.

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P. DIAGNOSTIC MATERIAL ATTRIBUTES: Stone artifacts including large, bifacially flaked handaxes, cleavers, and picks, usually found with cores, flakes, and retouched flakes. At some sites or parts of sites, handaxes may be absent, in which case the assemblages are called Developed Oldowan, Core-Flake Complex, Clactonian, or Tayacian. REGIONAL SUBTRADITIONS: African Acheulean; European Acheulean. Arago; Atapuerca; Bilzingsleben; Boxgrove, Gadeb; Gran Dolina; Isimila; Kalambo Falls; Kapthurin Formations; Olduvai Gorge; Olorgesailie; Terra Amata; Schoningen; Torralba and Ambrona; Vertesszollos.

Chavaillon, J. and N. C. Chavaillon (1980). " Anthropologie 18: 153-159. Clark, J. Desmond, and H. Kurashina (1988). " Anthropologie 28: 161-187. Clark, J. Desmond, J. de Heinzelin, K. D. Schick et al. (1994). " Science 264: 1907-1910. de Menocal, P. (1995). " Science 270: 53-59. Isaac, Glynn (1975). " In After the Australopithecines: Stratigraphy, Ecology, and Culture Change in the Middle Pleistocene, ed. K. Butzer and G. Isaac. The Hague: Mouton, 495-542. Keller, C. M. (1973). Montagu Cave in Prehistory: A Descriptive Analysis.

However, at Montagu Cave in South Africa, a well-protected cave site, an Acheulean living floor included vast amounts of lithic debit age not found in open-air contexts. Although most Acheulean sites have large accumulations of material, the sites of the Upper Bodo Beds at the Middle Awash in the Ethiopian Rift Valley, including Bodo (where an Archaic Homo sapiens cranium was found), are small, brief occupation sites that were rapidly buried by low-energy processes. , on faunal evidence and have yielded rich sites of both Acheulean and Core-Flake Complex type.

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Encyclopedia of Prehistory: Volume 1: Africa by Sibel Barut Kusimba, Fred H. Smith (auth.), Peter N. Peregrine, Melvin Ember (eds.)

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