This Encyclopedia is the main accomplished consultant but either to the character and content material of literature, and to literary feedback. In 90 essays by way of top foreign critics and students, the quantity covers either conventional themes resembling literature and background, poetry, drama and the unconventional, and in addition more recent themes similar to the construction and reception of literature. present severe principles are truly and provocatively mentioned, whereas the volume's association displays in a dynamic method the wealthy range of up to date puzzling over literature.
Each essay seeks to supply the reader with a transparent experience of the complete importance of its topic in addition to suggestions on additional reading.
An crucial paintings of reference, The Encyclopedia of Literature and Criticism is a stimulating consultant to the imperative preoccupations of up to date severe brooding about literature.
* sincerely written by way of students and critics of foreign status for readers in any respect degrees in lots of disciplines
* In-depth essays protecting all elements, conventional and new, of literary reviews prior and present
* necessary cross-references in the textual content, with complete bibliographical references and recommendations for additional reading
* unmarried index of authors, phrases, themes
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Literature and Criticism (Routledge Companion Encyclopedias)
For example, ‘Literature’ is by some supposed to promote changes in readers, purging or integrating their emotions, whereas other critics assume that the reader’s engagement with a text is a contemplative, dispassionate state which leaves him or her unchanged in practical terms. The latter critic might say that the former is concerned with ‘rhetoric’, not ‘Literature’, if it came to the issue. Such contradiction would be damaging if literary theory were a science with some prospect of, in Saussure’s expression, defining and delimiting itself.
Then each sentence is a syntactic formation which is minutely describable in terms of clauses, phrases, word-classes and morphemes, transformations, etc. Texts are lexical structures, patterns of words drawn from the vocabulary resource of the language. They are also semantic constructs, sequences of propositions exhibiting relationships such as paraphrase, tautology, contradiction, negation, entailment, presupposition, antonymy, hyponymy, and so on. Finally, at their most material level, texts are made of sounds or letters, and may be described by phonological or graphological analysis.
Second, related to the analysis of schemata is the study of ‘inferencing’: the interpretation of texts in terms of world-knowledge, systems of beliefs about the world (Downes, 1984, chap. 9; Brown and Yule, 1983). Third, functional linguistics (Halliday, 1985) provides analytic tools for studying how the perspective from which a textual world is regarded is shaped by linguistic choices in what Halliday calls the ‘ideational’ function of language (see Halliday, 1971, 1978; Fowler, 1977, 1986 on ‘mind-style’).
Encyclopedia of Literature and Criticism (Routledge Companion Encyclopedias)