Encyclopedia of American Prisons (Garland Studies in the by Marilyn D. Mcshane, Franklin P. Williams PDF

By Marilyn D. Mcshane, Franklin P. Williams

ISBN-10: 0815313500

ISBN-13: 9780815313502

The USA has the lighest incarceration fee on the planet and crime is likely one of the significant using forces of political discourse through the kingdom. information regarding penal associations, imprisonment, and prisoners is critical to each person, rom judges at the bench to electorate in the street. Now for the 1st time, a finished reference paintings provides a whole evaluation of incarceration in the USA. The Encyclopedia positive aspects unique essays by way of major united states corrections specialists, who provide old views, insights into how and why the current legal process constructed, the place we're at the present time, and the place we're more likely to be sooner or later. each vital point of yank prisons is roofed, from the dealing with of convicts with AIDS to juvenile delinquents at the back of bars, from boot camps to lifestyles with no parole, from racial clash to sexual exploitation.

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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of American Prisons (Garland Studies in the History of American Labor)

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AIDS Epidemiology in American Prisons to Date In November of 1981, the first confirmed case of AIDS among United States prison inmates appeared in a New York State Department of Correctional Service’s facility; just six months after the CDC announced the existence of the disease. By the end of March 1993, only the states of West Virginia and South Dakota had not reported an AIDS case within their correctional systems. The total number of AIDS cases reported by the other forty-eight states and the Federal Bureau of Prisons was 8,525.

Its disadvantages include the expense of maintaining segregated housing areas that are specially equipped with extra security devices and are intensively staffed. Also, the inmate population is often difficult to manage. Because of the restrictive nature and the potential for abuse of administrative segregation, inmates are usually provided with significant due process protections. Barbara Belbot See also DISCIPLINE Bibliography Adams, K. (1983). Former mental patients in a prison and parole system: A study of socially disruptive behavior.

Often located far away at a central headquarters, however, officials found it impractical, costly, and time-consuming to keep close track of activities at the various facilities around a state. Prison employees often developed an “us-against-them” view of the officials from headquarters, who often did not seem to understand their daily problems. Still, for legal control purposes and for maintaining equitable distribution of resources, a centralized model has been preferred in many areas of public administration.

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Encyclopedia of American Prisons (Garland Studies in the History of American Labor) by Marilyn D. Mcshane, Franklin P. Williams


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