By Marilyn D. Mcshane, Franklin P. Williams
The USA has the lighest incarceration fee on the planet and crime is likely one of the significant using forces of political discourse through the kingdom. information regarding penal associations, imprisonment, and prisoners is critical to each person, rom judges at the bench to electorate in the street. Now for the 1st time, a finished reference paintings provides a whole evaluation of incarceration in the USA. The Encyclopedia positive aspects unique essays by way of major united states corrections specialists, who provide old views, insights into how and why the current legal process constructed, the place we're at the present time, and the place we're more likely to be sooner or later. each vital point of yank prisons is roofed, from the dealing with of convicts with AIDS to juvenile delinquents at the back of bars, from boot camps to lifestyles with no parole, from racial clash to sexual exploitation.
Read Online or Download Encyclopedia of American Prisons (Garland Studies in the History of American Labor) PDF
Best encyclopedia books
In mild of Los Angeles' gang country of emergency, ethnic and minority gangs are arguably extra excessive profile now than at the other time in our historical past. information media in general specialize in the crime and violence linked to gangs, yet no longer a lot else. This encyclopedia seeks to light up the area of gangs, together with gang formations, regimen gang actions, aberrations and present advancements.
The Disneyland Encyclopedia: The Unofficial, Unauthorized, and exceptional heritage of each Land, allure, eating place, store, and significant occasion within the unique Magic Kingdom
Spanning the whole background of the park, from its founding greater than 50 years in the past to the current, this attention-grabbing publication profiles 500 sights, eating places, shops, occasions, and critical humans from the heritage of Disneyland. all the major entries within the e-book examines intimately the historical past of a Disneyland landmark, together with what percentage of the preferred sights went via numerous incarnations prior to turning into what they're today—Tomorrowland’s corridor of Chemistry and corridor of Aluminum have been reworked into the groundbreaking event through internal area in 1967, after which grew to become the preferred journey megastar excursions twenty years later.
Read approximately unbuilt ideas, together with Rock sweet Mountain and Chinatown, and pleasure in interesting trivialities concerning the park, similar to journey facts and attendance files. With a regular record of occasions, openings, and closings within the park's heritage, a each year precis of points of interest that got here and went, basic and transparent maps that correspond to the book’s 500 entries, and sidebars with more information on each one experience, this can be a complete and pleasing publication overflowing with aspect at the most-renovated, most-loved, and most-visited topic park on the earth.
- The Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Charge-coupled device - Eye
- Encyclopedia of Language and Education: Research Methods in Language and Education
- Encyclopedia of Rhetoric
- Encyclopaedia Judaica (Aa-Alp)
Extra resources for Encyclopedia of American Prisons (Garland Studies in the History of American Labor)
AIDS Epidemiology in American Prisons to Date In November of 1981, the first confirmed case of AIDS among United States prison inmates appeared in a New York State Department of Correctional Service’s facility; just six months after the CDC announced the existence of the disease. By the end of March 1993, only the states of West Virginia and South Dakota had not reported an AIDS case within their correctional systems. The total number of AIDS cases reported by the other forty-eight states and the Federal Bureau of Prisons was 8,525.
Its disadvantages include the expense of maintaining segregated housing areas that are specially equipped with extra security devices and are intensively staffed. Also, the inmate population is often difficult to manage. Because of the restrictive nature and the potential for abuse of administrative segregation, inmates are usually provided with significant due process protections. Barbara Belbot See also DISCIPLINE Bibliography Adams, K. (1983). Former mental patients in a prison and parole system: A study of socially disruptive behavior.
Often located far away at a central headquarters, however, officials found it impractical, costly, and time-consuming to keep close track of activities at the various facilities around a state. Prison employees often developed an “us-against-them” view of the officials from headquarters, who often did not seem to understand their daily problems. Still, for legal control purposes and for maintaining equitable distribution of resources, a centralized model has been preferred in many areas of public administration.
Encyclopedia of American Prisons (Garland Studies in the History of American Labor) by Marilyn D. Mcshane, Franklin P. Williams