By Fred Skolnik
The hot variation of Encyclopaedia Judaica brings a enormous reference paintings into the twenty-first century. In 1928 Nahum Goldman, head of Eshkol Publishing, in Berlin, all started paintings on a entire reference paintings in regards to the heritage and tradition of the Jewish humans. That paintings was once by no means accomplished, and the ten complete volumes stay as either a witness to ecu Jewish scholarship and a reminder of Hitler's destruction of that culture. Goldman survived the Holocaust, and in 1966, he used his reparation funds to restore paintings at the encyclopedia at Keter Publishing residence, in Jerusalem. In 1972, greater than forty five years after the paintings all started, the 1st variation was once accomplished. Keter Publishing residence and Macmillan Reference united states, its American accomplice, published Hebrew and English-language types of the paintings. just like the unique paintings, it used to be a radical, geared up assessment of Jewish existence and data. Updating a wide source is tough. The publishers issued yearbooks and supplementations cumulating the 1973–1982 and 1983–1992 volumes in addition to an up to date CD-ROM model in 1997, however the Jewish global has replaced very much considering that then. the second one variation can also be a collaboration of Keter Publishing condominium and Macmillan Reference, that's now a Thomson Gale imprint. Editors Berenbaum and Skolnik accumulated a global group of greater than 50 divisional editors and 1,200 students to supply the paintings. they've got created 22 volumes with nearly 22,000 entries. a few 2,600 entries are new, and 12,000 were considerably revised. As they did in Encyclopedia of faith (2004), the publishers left the unique articles intact and extra up to date fabric in an appended article that follows. This variation has one hundred fifty pages of colour inserts showing as centerfolds in each one quantity in addition to six hundred maps, tables, and illustrations. There also are 30,000 new biographical entries. Why is that this version varied? development at the scholarship of the 1st version, the editors have extra fabric that records trendy Jewish groups. because the booklet of the 1st version, Israel has been via wars and intifadas, the function of ladies in Jewish existence has tremendously accelerated, and the Soviet Union has disappeared. the main quickly becoming Jewish groups within the U.S. are in Las Vegas and Phoenix, however the genuine variety of Jews within the kingdom is declining because of low start charges. an entire new iteration of scholarship has emerged, with new information regarding every thing from the Bible and the Talmud to women's reviews and the Holocaust. The members to this version used the cloth of the good students comparable to Salo Baron, Cecil Roth, and Gershom Scholem as a origin for his or her new insights, giving clients higher intensity and a latest point of view. quantity 1 has an inventory of the editors and individuals. They comprise Yehuda Bauer (Hebrew University), David Ellenson (Hebrew Union College), Deborah E. Lipstadt (University of California, Los Angeles), and Xun Zhou (University of London). The encyclopedia gains entries similar to an editorial on Jewish legislations (Mishpat Ivri) written by way of Justice Menachem Elon, deputy president of the preferrred courtroom of Israel. He examines historical spiritual legislations as mirrored within the courts of a latest, sovereign Jewish nation. Entries concerning the Bible contain either the good medieval commentators similar to Rashi and Maimonides and glossy severe literary stories of the Bible as an built-in paintings. participants research the resources of the Bible, its composition, and its authors. The Talmud gets related remedy, with greater than a hundred biographies of the higher and lesser rabbinic figures and extra obtainable fabric, reflecting the elevated participation of the general public in Talmudic examine. The women's point of view appears to be like in the course of the encyclopedia, with articles approximately biblical stereotypes, their perspectives concerning the mikveh (ritual bath), and biographies of girls either old and glossy (Beruryah, a second-century Talmud pupil; Bella Abzug). Agunah (Orthodox girls who can't remarry simply because their husbands refuse to provide them non secular divorces) and assurance of the bat mitzvah and the ladies of the Wall case are different examples of the elevated emphasis on women's concerns during this variation. huge articles rfile the contributions of Jews to the humanities, sciences, activities, politics, and leisure. Albert Einstein, Rita Levi-Montalcini, Amos oz., and Philip Roth look in addition to Victor Borge, Jascha Heifetz, and Sandy Koufax. all of the 50 states and the nations of the realm, in addition to significant towns, have entries, as do museums, cultural associations, and companies. The Holocaust and Israel occupy the main a part of volumes nine and 10, respectively, reflecting their vital roles in Jewish historical past and tradition. numerous thematic outlines (for articles on historical past, faith, language and literature, Jews in international tradition, and ladies) and an in depth index support clients pinpoint particular details. The booklet model makes use of the normal Gale interface and is obtainable as a part of the Gale digital Reference middle. One great function for clients who print or obtain is the choice of having the textual content in PDF structure if wanted. the second one variation of Encyclopaedia Judaica is a welcome boost to reference collections. via documenting the fashionable Jewish event whereas preserving hyperlinks with its wealthy earlier, it offers clients with information regarding all points of Jewish faith and tradition. This paintings acquired the 2006 Dartmouth Medal, a genuinely-earned award.
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Additional resources for Encyclopaedia Judaica (Coh-Doz)
National Academy of Sciences and National Medals in both Science and Technology. S. social welfare authority. Born in Milwaukee, the son of Jewish immigrants, Cohen left his home in the early 1930s to attend the University of Wisconsin. S. Committee on Economic Security in 1934-35 and participated in the drafting of the Social Security Act. From 1936 to 1956 he was employed in the Social Security Administration and helped secure the adoption of measures that would provide for shared financing by the federal government and the states in programs for the aged, dependent children, the totally disabled, and the blind.
In 1967 he became the dean. He served as president of Queens College of the City University of New York (1978–85), and then for ten years as professor of geography at Hunter College, also of CUNY. Among his many appointments was that of coordinator and co-chairman of the United States–Israel Geographic Research symposium held in Jerusalem in 1969. A member of the American Geographical Society, Cohen specialized in the economic and political geography of the Middle East. S. Naval War College and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and served as consultant on geography to the National Science Foundation.
During World War II he was associate director of the Manhattan Project investigating atomic fission. Among his many awards he received the National Medal of Science and Presidential Award in 1977. He wrote Heat Treatment of High Speed Steel (1946) and Titanium in Steel (1949). Cohen’s major works were published from 1962 to 1983 in the fields of phase transformations, metallography, heat treatment of metals, diffusion in the solid state, thermodynamics of metal systems, mechanical behavior, tool steels, age-hardening of metals, and dimensional stability.
Encyclopaedia Judaica (Coh-Doz) by Fred Skolnik