Download PDF by P M Holt: Early Mamluk Diplomacy: Treaties of Baybars and Qalawun With

By P M Holt

ISBN-10: 9004102469

ISBN-13: 9789004102460

Early Mamluk international relations relies on treaties among the Mamluk sultans of Egypt, Baybars (1260-77) and Qalawun (1279-90), and Christian rulers. the final advent describes the Arabic literary resources within which those treaties were transmitted. Their prestige below Islamic legislation is tested, by means of an outline of negotiation strategies, and an account of diplomatic kin with the Christian powers. 3 treaties are with the army orders, 4 with Beirut, Tripoli, the Latin state and Tyre, and 4 others with Lesser Armenia, Aragon, the Byzantine Empire and Genoa. each one part has an creation giving its old heritage. The paintings bargains Islamic historians and ecu medievalists documentary facts of a sort infrequent in pre-modern center japanese historical past, casting gentle on advertisement and social in addition to diplomatic relatives.

Show description

Read or Download Early Mamluk Diplomacy: Treaties of Baybars and Qalawun With Christian Rulers PDF

Best interior decorating books

Download e-book for kindle: Medieval Philosophy and the Transcendentals: The Case of by Jan Aertsen

Scholars of Thomas Aquinas have thus far lacked a complete learn of his doctrine of the transcendentals. This quantity fills this lacuna, displaying the primary personality of the notions of being, one, real and stable for his suggestion. The e-book inquires into the beginnings of the doctrine within the 13th century and explains the relation of the transcendental approach of suggestion to Aquinas's belief of metaphysics.

Handbook of Ugaritic Studies (Handbook of Oriental Studies) by Wilfred G. E. Watson, Nicolas Wyatt PDF

This paintings bargains with all very important elements of Ugarit, equivalent to the decipherment of a formerly unknown script used to put in writing either Ugarit and Hurrian, their grammar and vocabulary; records in different languages including the literature and letters of the traditional country of Ugarit.

Apparent and Microscopic Contact Angles - download pdf or read online

This booklet chronicles the lawsuits of the overseas Symposium on obvious and Microscopic touch Angles, held at the side of the yank Chemical Society assembly in Boston, August 24-27, 1998. The ebook is split into 4 components: Nanoscopic and Molecular results on touch Angles; floor Forces and floor loose power; Wetting of Heterogeneous, tough and Curved Surfaces; Dynamic results involved perspective Measurements.

Interior Design for Wellness Space - download pdf or read online

Пятьдесят проектов в этой книге в полной мере демонстрируют современные тенденции красивого дизайна оздоровительных помещений во Франции, например - спа-центры, салоны красоты и парикмахерские и т. п.

Extra resources for Early Mamluk Diplomacy: Treaties of Baybars and Qalawun With Christian Rulers

Sample text

Ten years, ten months, ten days and ten hours beginning on this day. [34] This is what is agreed to the satisfaction of both parties. Signed by the august pen of the Sultan al-Malik al-Zähir in authorization of its requirements and confirmation of what is set out above. Written on such-and-such a date. 2. THE TREATY OF AL-ZÄHIR BAYBARS WITH THE LADY ISABEL OF BEIRUT: 667/1269 Beirut, which was lost to Saladin in 583/1187, was regained for the Latin kingdom ten years later, and was given as a fief to John of Ibelin.

For the use of Frankish forms of names in Arabic, see also Dussaud, Topographie, 34. 17 Al-Manşür Muhammad Π; Ayyubid ruler of Hamäh 642-83/1244-84. 18 Springs; reading manäbi' for manàfi'. 19 Rafaniyya; amending Ruqayba in text. THE TREATY OF 665/1267 39 party shall be put on oath that he knew nothing and perceived nothing, and so vice versa. 20 It is Maşyâf,21 al-Ruşâfa, all the castles of the Preaching, its fortresses, plain, highland, habitation, waste, towns, territory, estates, roads, waters and springs; all the territory of the IsmäcIliyya in the mountains of Bahra and al-Lukkäm; everything included in the boundaries and borders of the Preaching.

Crusade and settlement, 246-9. 23 GENERAL INTRODUCTION out his pavilion, and mobilized his army for the expedition. "28 So on the outskirts of Cairo Qaläwün died on 6 Dhu5l-Qacda 689/10 October 1290. A few months later Acre fell to his son and successor, al-Ashraf Khalil, and the fate of the Latin kingdom was sealed. b. Christian powers overseas In addition to the truces concluded with their neighbours in the Crusader states and Lesser Armenia, Baybars and Qaläwün maintained diplomatic relations with a wider circle of Christian powers.

Download PDF sample

Early Mamluk Diplomacy: Treaties of Baybars and Qalawun With Christian Rulers by P M Holt


by Kenneth
4.0

Rated 4.14 of 5 – based on 39 votes