By William Bank, Britton Chance (auth.), Frank Norbert Gellerich, Stephan Zierz (eds.)
In October 1995, the first Colloquium on Mitochondria and Myopathies in Halle/Saale used to be geared up in Halle/Saale via the editors of this targeted factor. The assembly took up what will be known as an East German culture: from 1976 to 1990 Andreas Schmidt equipped seven clinically oriented Colloquia on Myology in Jena, and from 1974 to 1990 a chain of twelve Colloquia on Mitochondria eager about easy examine points was once prepared through Wolfgang Kunz in Magdeburg. At these conferences, East Germany was once a mediator among East eu, West ecu and American scientists. In continuation of this custom, scientists from greater than 17 nations engaged on mitochondria as neurologists, biochemists, geneticists, or as physiologists got here to Halle. The identify of the colloquium indicated the mix of either simple and scientific mitochondrial examine. an important contributions of this assembly at the moment are released during this concentrated factor. We thank all authors for his or her endurance and cooperation that experience made it attainable to supply this special selection of papers representing present wisdom on detection of mitochondrial explanations of illnesses. We specifically thank Prof. N.S. Dhalla for making it attainable to submit those contributions jointly during this targeted factor and likewise as a hard-cover book.
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This analysis explains why the ADP concentration gradient is influenced by the activity of cytosolic creatine kinase (Fig. 2): more flux is required to go through adenine nucleotides as the shuttling effect of creatine kinase is reduced, but less creatine kinase activity is available to achieve this. Thus the net flux through creatine kinase is decreased in the first and last boxes when creatine kinase activity is reduced, and so the net flux profile is 'smoother'. As ADP concentration at the mitochondrial end is fixed by the mitochondrial gain, 31 >< C\'l E a........
14. phosphorylated derivatives of the creatine analogues beta- guanidopropionic acid and l-carboxymethyl-2-iminoimidazolidine (cyclocreatine). Anal Biochem 204: 383-389, 1992 Wiseman RW, Moerland TS, Kushmerick MJ: Biological applications for small solenoids: NMR spectroscopy of microliter volumes at high fields. NMR in Biomed 6: 153-156, 1993 Meyer RA, Brown TR, Krilowicz BL, Kushmerick MJ: Phosphagen and intracellular pH changes during contraction of creatine-depleted rat muscle. Am J Physiol 250: C264-C274, 1986 Humphrey SM, Garlick PB: NMR-visible ATP and Pi in normoxic and reperfused rat hearts: a quantitative study.
K. Radda MRC Biochemical and Clinical Magnetic Resonance Unit, Oxford Radcliffe Hospital and Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK Abstract We describe a model of mitochondrial regulation in vivo which takes account of spatial diffusion of high-energy (ATP and phosphocreatine) and low-energy metabolites (ADP and creatine), their interconversion by creatine kinase (which is not assumed to be at equilibrium), and possible functional 'coupling' between the components of creatine kinase associated with the mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocase and the myofibrillar ATPase, At high creatine kinase activity, the degree of functional coupling at either the mitochondrial or ATPase end has little effect on relationships between oxidative ATP synthesis rate and spatially-averaged metabolite concentrations, However, lowering the creatine kinase activity raises the mean steady state ADP and creatine concentrations, to a degree which depends on the degree of coupling.
Detection of Mitochondrial Diseases by William Bank, Britton Chance (auth.), Frank Norbert Gellerich, Stephan Zierz (eds.)