By Holger H. Herwig, Richard F. Hamilton
Concentrating on the alternatives made via coteries, this research examines the difficult query of why global warfare I occurred. In each one case, the choice to go into the battle used to be made by way of a handful of individuals--monarchs, ministers, army humans, social gathering leaders, ambassadors, and some others. In each one case additionally, separate and precise agendas are visible, with concerns differing from one kingdom to the following. The management of Japan, the Ottoman Empire, Italy, the Balkans, and the U.S. are explored, in addition to that of the most important powers involved--Austria-Hungary, Germany, France, and nice Britain,
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Additional resources for Decisions for War, 1914-1917
His partner in the conversation was Hugo Stinnes, Germany’s most aggressive industrialist and a leading figure in the steel industry. ” Max Warburg, an influential Hamburg banker, was shocked by Wilhelm II’s question at a dinner, one week before the Sarajevo murders, whether it was better “to attack now” rather than to wait for Russia to complete her rearmament. Warburg counseled the kaiser not to draw the sword. “Germany becomes stronger with every year of peace,” he declared. ” Also opposed to arms programs 21:6 P1: KcT 0521836794c01 CB775-Hamilton-v1 THE GREAT WAR: A REVIEW OF THE EXPLANATIONS January 24, 2005 17 were farmers, shopkeepers, small businesses, civil servants, and workers who would pay more taxes.
The allies found someone willing to serve, the seventeen-year-old son of the Bavarian king. The Greek civil war gave Russia an opportunity for expansion. The resulting Russo-Turkish War (1828–29) brought another defeat for the Ottomans and further loss of territory. In 1830 three revolutions disturbed the domestic peace. But all three were contained and yielded outcomes that, while not entirely pleasing, were nevertheless acceptable to the leaders of the major powers. The July revolution in Paris ousted the Bourbons and replaced them with the Orleanist branch of the same family.
Three other wars occurred in this second period, these initiated by Prussia. Usually referred to as the wars of German unification, these were the Danish-Prussian War (1864), the Austro-Prussian War (1866), and the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71). In the first, Prussia and Austria took Schleswig and Holstein from Denmark with Austria occupying Holstein. In the aftermath, Otto von Bismarck engineered a falling out with his Austrian partner and brought about the second war. Although generally called the Austro-Prussian War, most of the smaller German states were involved, siding primarily with the Habsburgs.
Decisions for War, 1914-1917 by Holger H. Herwig, Richard F. Hamilton