By Keliu Shu, Edgar Sanchez-Sinencio
This e-book provides either basics and the state-of-the-art of PLL synthesizer layout and research recommendations. a whole evaluate of either system-level and circuit-level layout and research are coated. A 16mW, 2.4GHz, sub-2V, Sigma Delta fractional-N synthesizer prototype is carried out in 0.35m m CMOS. It incorporates a high-speed and strong phase-switching prescaler, and a low-complexity and area-efficient loop capacitance mulitplier, which take on pace and integration bottlenecks of PLL synthesizer elegantly. This ebook is conceived as a PLL synthesizer handbook for either academia researchers and layout engineers.
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Additional info for CMOS PLL Synthesizers: Analysis and Design
Solid-State Circuits, vol. 36, pp. 800-809, May 2001  C. Heng and B. 8GHz CMOS fractional-N frequency synthesizer with randomized multi-phase VCO,” in Proc. IEEE 2002 Custom Integrated Circuits Conf. (CICC), May 2002, pp. 427-430 Annu.  B. Miller and B. Conley, “A multiple modulator fractional divider,” Proc. , May 1990, pp. 559-568  B. Miller and R. Conley, “A multiple modulator fractional divider,” IEEE Trans. Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 40, pp. 578-583, June 1991  T.
3-10, the PFD operation is the impulse sampling, not the sample-and-hold. An accurate result of the stability limit based on linearized approximate difference equations was derived in , and it agrees well with the Matlab behavioral modeling in the Appendix. Chapter 3 44 Figure 3-10. 3 Locking time Considering that the PLL is initially locked and the frequency divide ratio changes due to channel switching, we calculate the locking time for a given frequency error. Locking time is also referred to as settling time or switching time.
McNeill, “Jitter in ring oscillators,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 32, pp. 870879, June 1997 T. Lee and A. Hajimiri, The Design of Low Noise Oscillators. Boston, MA: Kluwer, 1999 A. Hajimiri, “Noise in phase-locked loops,” in Proc. Southwest Symp. Mixed-Signal Design (SSMSD), Feb. 2001, pp. 1-6 L. Dai and R. Harjani, Design of High Performance CMOS Voltage-Controlled Oscillators. Boston, MA: Kluwer, 2003 B. Kim, T. Weigandt, and P. Gray, “PLL/DLL system noise analysis for low jitter clock synthesizer design,” in Proc.
CMOS PLL Synthesizers: Analysis and Design by Keliu Shu, Edgar Sanchez-Sinencio