By Mark Grossman
During this source, political corruption is outlined as "the cheating use of a place of elected energy to achieve a financial advantage." consequently, different varieties of scandals, akin to sexual misconduct, usually are not incorporated. despite the fact that, a few impressive exceptions are lined, for instance, Watergate and the Iran-Contra Affair. the vast majority of the greater than 250 entries are dedicated to humans, resembling mayors of massive towns, governors, senators, representatives, presidents, and different executive officers. extra kinds of headings disguise lawsuits, names of scandals (e.g., Swartwout-Hoyt Scandal), legislative acts (e.g., Hatch Act), and different miscellaneous subject matters (e.g., Honoraria). content material focuses totally on the 19th and 20th centuries.
Articles typical approximately pages in size, and so much contain a reference record. Many articles include long quotations, thereby including a moment voice to the subject below dialogue. the writer offers complicated matters in actual fact. for instance, the two-page article on Whitewater outlines key occasions in chronological order from 1978 as much as the ultimate Whitewater record, issued in March 2002. quite a few illustrations accompany the articles, together with many political cartoons, which provides a marginally of humor.
Eight appendixes reveal the eye to aspect obvious all through this quantity. for instance, appendix three, "Independent guidance Investigations, 1979-1999," lists not just names and effects but additionally the prices of the investigations. different appendixes conceal govt circumstances of censure, expulsion, and impeachment. A chronology lists occasions regarding political corruption from 1635 to 2003. A 21-page bibliography cites assets by means of structure (e.g., books, govt documents). We came across no references to websites.
By Richard L. Miller
This accomplished reference advisor describes greater than one hundred thirty alphabetically prepared medicines of abuse, together with either pharmaceutical and average items. The booklet starts with a dialogue of federal drug scheduling and drug different types. person entries for specific components of abuse keep on with. Drug descriptions contain: right pronunciation, nicknames or road names, felony prestige, ancient and current makes use of and misuses, abuse components, interactions with different medicinal drugs, and findings of melanoma dangers and beginning defects.
Scientific info is gifted in a transparent, uncomplicated demeanour designed for college students and basic readers alike. as well as the A-Z descriptions, Miller offers a proof of basic drug kinds, similar to stimulants and hallucinogens, in addition to the elements of drug abuse, together with tolerance and withdrawal. an inventory of print and digital assets can also be integrated for readers looking extra info.
By Shane Johnson
Shane Johnson, bestselling writer of Mr. Scott's advisor to the company, takes the reader on an innovative, fictional trip into the famous person Trek universe. in response to the megastar Trek adventures (including big name Trek: the subsequent iteration and superstar Trek: The lively Series), this booklet makes use of hundreds of thousands of famous person charts and line drawings in addition to a wealthy textual content to stipulate the background of the worlds visited through the starship Enterprise.
The Worlds of the Federation additionally investigates the unaligned and adverse alien races of big name Trek, from the fierce warriors of the Klingon Empire to the enigmatic, omnipotent Organians. And as a distinct bonus, we've incorporated a impressive, full-color insert of megastar Trek's so much unique alien lifeforms that includes work via famous technology fiction illustrator Don Ivan Punchatz.
By Eric Bird
Coastal Geomorphology, moment variation is a entire and systematic creation to the topic and demonstrates the dynamic nature of coastal landforms, delivering a history for analytical making plans and administration techniques in coastal parts topic to carrying on with alterations. This introductory textbook has been thoroughly revised and up-to-date, and is supplemented through an internet site which supplies extra illustrations, international examples, case stories and extra designated and complicated info on subject matters referenced within the publication, including causes of terminology, annotated references and study fabric. This e-book will give you the reader with a coastal geomorphology details method that may permit them to stick with up specific themes in additional aspect if required.This publication may be a useful reference for undergraduate and graduate scholars taking appropriate classes inside actual geography, geology and different comparable earth and environmental technology topics. thoroughly revised and up-to-date to incorporate fresh occasions similar to the Indian Ocean tsunami and New Orleans flooding, offers international examples of coastal positive aspects and approach relationships from Britain, Europe, North the United States and Australasia, a scientific method of coastal geomorphology to reinforce pupil knowing, comprises key dialogue at the results of human task on coasts and their carrying on with contribution to coastal landform adjustments, features a site with additional references and case stories.
By Bruce Mitchell, Robert E. Salsbury
Within the research of multicultural schooling, there are key names, locations, suggestions, and felony activities which offer a origin for the sector. This reference contains greater than four hundred entries from a wide variety of subject matters relating to multicultural schooling, which the authors outline as schooling aimed toward lowering bias, making sure fairness, and selling realizing of the self and others. each one merchandise within the encyclopedia has been selected for its worth in illuminating a number of specific issues within the box. each one access not just is helping to spot and position in an old point of view an idea, position, individual, occasion, or felony motion, but additionally hyperlinks that subject to a big point of multicultural schooling. whereas the encyclopedia presents insurance of diverse phrases from the social sciences and discusses a number of courtroom judgements and old occasions, it's also entries for amazing folks from a variety of cultural teams. those individuals exemplify the achievements and variety of America's many cultures and are usually mentioned inside a multicultural curriculum. moreover, the amount presents entries for cultural and ethnic teams. those entries talk about the tutorial wishes and stories of the crowd. therefore there are entries for such teams as African-Americans, Anglo-Americans, Asian-Americans, Hispanic-Americans, and Jewish-Americans; for agencies, comparable to the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith; for a number of local American humans; for people, corresponding to George Washington Carver, Geronimo, and Jesse Jackson; and for varied phrases and ideas, akin to busing, institutional racism, gender fairness, quota platforms, and opposite discrimination. Entries supply bibliographic info, and the amount concludes with a particular, normal bibliography.
By Raymond Buckland
The attention-grabbing background of Spiritualism is coaxed into the fabric realm because the item of this perceptive and sweeping evaluate via that mythical writer of the occult and supernatural, Raymond Buckland. Containing greater than 500 entries and a hundred illustrations, The Spirit Book is the excellent encyclopedia to Spiritualism and its comparable topics. Plus it presents complete biographies of each well known individual hooked up to the field.
The Spiritualism circulation begun within the mid-18th century and specializes in verbal exchange with the spirits of the lifeless. fans think that spirit communique happens essentially via mediums, even though non-mediums may also speak via numerous tools, together with computerized writing or using an Ouija board. Spiritualism is at the moment having fun with a renaissance due partially to the general public appearances of mediums reminiscent of John Edward and Colin Fry and the shared trust via more and more people who communique with the useless is feasible, even if a ways out of cell-phone variety they could be.
Drawing on a long time of study, writing, and transcendence, Buckland describes sundry tools of channeling, occasions linked to Spiritualism, together with séances and exorcism, organisations thinking about clairvoyance, and a colourful host of mortals?famous and infamous?who delved into Spiritualism. Nostradamus, Helena Blavatsky, and Edgar Cayce obtain their due, in addition to Joan of Arc, William Blake, Susan B. Anthony, Winston Churchill, Arthur Conan Doyle, Mahatma Gandhi, Harry Houdini, and Mae West (look up and spot her sometime).
The Spirit Book explores Qabbalah, Sibyls, Fairies, Poltergeists; phenomena corresponding to instinct and karma; gadgets priceless within the try and pass the divide, together with tarot playing cards, flower analyzing, and runes; and comparable practices equivalent to Shamanism, transfiguration, meditation, and mesmerism. The Encyclopedia covers the heritage of Spiritualism in addition to offshoots akin to Kardecism (in France, South the US, and the Philippines), channeling, fraud, psychic learn, and ownership. It additionally experiences on investigations of latest manifestations, together with digital voice phenomena and spirit appearances on television displays (that static could be Aunt Margaret attempting to get through).
By Anne Marie Hacht
Gale Contextual Encyclopedia of global Literature
By Tadhg P. Begley
The Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology is an authoritative new paintings whose target is to light up the an important function of chemistry and chemical recommendations within the existence sciences. The encyclopedia will undertake an inclusive editorial process, encompassing basic and blue-sky technological know-how in addition to these parts of analysis that experience extra rapid scientific or advertisement purposes. The scope and constitution of the paintings will replicate the multidimensional personality of chemical biology, focusing specifically at the basic technology of organic buildings and structures, using chemical and organic innovations to clarify that technology, and the purposes of this information in parts as varied as drug discovery, sensor expertise, and catalysis.
Major issues parts lined within the encyclopedia:* Chemical perspectives of Biology* Biomolecules in the phone* Chemistry of organic methods and platforms* Chemical Biology of mobile cubicles* artificial Molecules as instruments for Chemical Biology* applied sciences and methods in Chemical Biology* purposes of Chemical Biology
By Raymond E Kirk; Donald F Othmer; Martin Grayson; David Eckroth; et al
By Lawrence S. Cunningham
The Vatican. The Inquisition. birth control. Celibacy. Apparitions and miracles. Plots and scandals. The Catholic Church is seldom out of the inside track. yet what do its a billion adherents relatively think, and the way do they placed their ideals into perform in worship, the relations, and society? This down-to-earth account is going again to the early Christian creeds to discover the roots of recent Catholic pondering. It avoids getting slowed down in theological technicalities, and throws gentle on facets of the Church's institutional constitution and liturgical perform that even Catholics can locate baffling: why visit confession? How are humans made saints? what's 'infallible' in regards to the Pope? issues addressed contain: • scripture and culture • sacraments and prayer • well known piety • own and social morality • reform, challenge, and interreligious discussion Lawrence Cunningham, a theologian, prize-winning author and collage instructor, presents an outline of Catholicism this day with the intention to be quintessential for undergraduates and lay examine teams.