By Petra Gruber
The aim of investigating the overlaps among structure and biology is neither to attract borders or make extra differences nor to claim structure alive, yet to explain what's at present taking place within the blurred fields, and to enquire the rising self-discipline of biomimetics in structure» [Architekturbionik]. an summary of the current country of analysis within the rather younger medical box of biomimetics exhibits the potential for the strategy. the recent self-discipline goals at innovation by way of applying the delicate platforms and recommendations in nature having developed inside of thousands of years. methods which have been taken to move natures ideas to structure have supplied winning advancements. the recent technique offered during this ebook transfers the summary thought of lifestyles onto equipped atmosphere. Strategic look for lifes standards in structure provides a brand new view of architectural achievements and makes the cutting edge power noticeable, which has now not been exploited yet.
A choice of case reviews illustrates the range of beginning issues: from vernacular structure to area exploration.
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Extra resources for Biomimetics in Architecture: Architecture of Life and Buildings
Big and small systems Big systems are subject to gravity and inertia (and thus the impact of their own dead weight). 115 Phenomena from nature where molecular forces are most important cannot be scaled up. g. 1:50 or 1:100. 67 Diatom shell. 5 Convergence We speak of convergence, if organisms and/ or technical devices have developed similar characteristics. Converging developments exist in all ﬁelds. • Convergence in nature Attempting to classify all living organisms, biologists in the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century made the mistake of relying on characteristics in phenotype.
Processes of mimicking evolutionary development are important when the solution has not yet been found by with numeric methods. The connection between the concepts of technical design by humans and design in nature holds advantages. 55 "Berwian", biomimetic wind turbine. , Müller W. 31 87 E. 4 Schlüsseltechnologien im 21. 25 Background | Bionics [Bionik] Biomimetics 39 At that time, in 1968, theories for calculating complex ﬂow had not yet been developed, so there was no way of arriving at a better theoretical solution.
3 TRANSFER AND METHODS How does this transfer of ideas work? To apply ideas from nature to technology, and especially architecture, strategically, an important precondition has to be fulﬁlled. 1 Interdisciplinarity Interdisciplinary work is essential for the investigation and the design of natural constructions. Basic biological research must form the foundation for biomimetics. Interdisciplinary working methods are required on both sides; the discipline delivering research and the discipline dealing with application.
Biomimetics in Architecture: Architecture of Life and Buildings by Petra Gruber