By Roham Afghani Khoraskani
This e-book provides the findings of an in depth research to discover the habit of architectural glazing structures in the course of and after an earthquake and to strengthen layout proposals that might mitigate or maybe get rid of the wear and tear inflicted on those platforms. The seismic habit of universal different types of architectural glazing structures are investigated and reasons of wear and tear to every process, pointed out. moreover, counting on the geometrical and structural features, the last word horizontal load ability of glass curtain wall structures is outlined according to the steadiness of the glass parts. particular consciousness is dedicated to the incorporation of complicated connection units among the constitution of the construction and the development envelope method that allows you to reduce the wear to glazed elements. An cutting edge new connection equipment is brought that leads to a fragile and practical method simply integrated into diversified architectural glazing structures, together with these challenging greatest transparency.
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Extra resources for Advanced Connection Systems for Architectural Glazing
During the structural design phase, in order to investigate the effect of deflections within the structure of the building over the glass facades and envelopes of the building, it is advised that the structural engineers provide a list of these deformations and drifts from their numerical simulations and analysis results for different load cases and combinations. However in case of absence of such data the maximum allowable drift ratios in the seismic code used for the structural design will be used as input data.
4). Considering the large dimensions of glass panels compared with thickness, the most probable failure mode of a glass panel subjected to shear force along its edges is shear buckling. Fig. 3 Unitized and Panelized Systems 39 Having the governing differential equation of plates as below: @4w @4w @4w 1 @2w @2w @2w q þ Nx 2 þ 2Nxy þ Ny 2 þ2 2 2þ 4 ¼ @x4 @x @y @y D @x @x@y @y 3 Et D¼ 12ð1 À v2 Þ ð4:5Þ where: w is the out-of-plane deflection, q is the out-of-plane pressure acting on the plate, t is the thickness of the panel, E and ν are respectively the modulus of elasticity and Poisson ratio.
Lim and King (1991) at the Building research Association of New Zealand studied the seismic behavior of curtain wall systems, including in-plane dynamic racking tests on full-scale glass and aluminum curtain wall assemblies. In the early 1990s Richard Behr and a team from the University of Missouri at Rolla, and later with the collaboration of other universities such as the Pennsylvania State University at University Park, started a research program on experimental testing of seismic behavior of different glazing systems such as store-front glazing, curtain walls with different glass types and glazing techniques, and glazing with applied ﬁlm.
Advanced Connection Systems for Architectural Glazing by Roham Afghani Khoraskani